Editable CV Templates for Free DownloadIn our societal parlance, we say the way you dress is the same way people will address you.
It has come to be true also in the Professional and Career world. Your CV is like your dress, but this dress goes ahead of you. We have put together a collection of CV templates for different job fields.
Wherever you are in your career, you are just a few clicks away from creating the perfect CV. All you need do is:
Scroll through the available free CV templates, and then pick one from the 40+ CV templates
Download the free Word CV template
Edit the already available free CV content to suit your needs
Are you confused about what to do next? Pick your most preferred CV template from the list below and get started? These free CV templates allow you to edit and customize any element (text/shapes to suit your need).
We created these CV templates with MS WORD. It means that it is easy for you to edit and own a beautiful CV without using soft wares like Photoshop, etc. See examples of The CV templates:
CV Format 2022
1. CV Templates for Administration and Secretariat Jobs
I guess you have downloaded a professional or entry-level CV of your choice, here is a quick guide on how to customize your CV using the CV template for all job fields:
After downloading your CV, open the CV with MS Word.
Click the text box to change the information to suit your needs.
Right-click on shapes that are coloured to change the colour.
To change the default image on the template to your picture, right-click on the image, select the ‘fill’ option, then select fill with pictures. You can fill the shape with your picture online or manually select a picture from your computer.
These CV templates are designed with MS Word so that it is easy for anyone to edit and customize. These CV templates are simple, beautiful, and easy to use.
Using these CV templates, you can be sure that your CV will get your job application noticed. You don’t want to use a CV template? Then take advantage of our professional cv writing services to get a CV that gets you hired.
Employers have made decisions to favour or discredit individuals based on the look and feel of their CVs. A great CV, well-tailored and structured (fonts, size, arrangement and lyrics) would make recruiters biased towards such individuals. People have rightly predicted who gets a job merely by their CV.
So I will say, even if it would take you to pay someone to create a good CV for you, please do as this is the very first step towards the attainment of your dream job.
NOTE: Most of the templates above are works from various online sources. It is only put together in an all-in-one article to help job-seekers here.
How to Write a Job Application Email that Gets Noticed
1. How to Write a Formal Email for a Job Application
It is crucial that you use a professional email address. Your name is ideal. Therefore, firstname.lastname@example.org is better than email@example.com. If a hiring manager sees the latter address, he/she will NOT take you seriously; and rightly so!
2. Errors to Avoid in a Job Application Email
It is WAY too easy to blunder when writing a job application email! Here are a few mistakes to avoid:
Forgetting the Attachment: Writing your email and forgetting to include your CV and cover letter is criminal neglect! Avoid it by preparing your template email in a draft with the CV and cover letter already attached. Simply personalise each email and send.
Not Changing the Template: By doing this, you end up sending an email to Smith Enterprises that outlines how much you want to work for Johnson’s Electricals! It is a clear sign that your email is a template and it will be binned by the recipient.
Failure to Check Your Content Before Sending: If your email says you “speak proper England because I’m a freshly graduated degree,” do you think you’ll get the job?
3. Formal Language in a Job Application Email
It is easy to get carried away and write in a ‘formal’ manner in a job application email. Writing your email casually is disrespectful and will eliminate you from contention immediately. Rather than beginning with ‘hello’ or ‘hi,’ address the recipient as “Dear Mr./Ms. [Their surname]’. Contact the company to find out the name of the person conducting the hiring process if necessary.
Your entire email body must be professional and informal, and you should end the email with a ‘Regards’ instead of ‘Cheers.’
4. Best Subject Line for a Job Application Email
Those who send marketing emails always highlight the need for an attention-grabbing subject line. Writing ‘job application’ isn’t exactly going to pique the interest of the reader. Instead, make sure you include your name along with the position you intend on applying for. If the job post has a reference number, add it to the subject line to make it easy for recruiters to associate your email with a specific role.
In the email body, outline your knowledge of the role along with information that shows you know a little something about the company and what it does. Write about why you believe you are qualified for the gig and include your desire to schedule an interview or even a phone call where you can learn more about the job. If you do this, make sure you include clearly defined timeframes.
6. How to Close a Job Application Email Properly
After expressing your intent to learn more about the job, conclude by thanking the reader for their time, and end with a ‘Best Regards’ or ‘Yours Sincerely.’ Make sure you also add a professional electronic signature. Ideally, you will include your name, address, email, and phone number in it. Triple check for grammar and spelling, and also to ensure the right attachments are included and click ‘Send.’
Subject: Joan Rivers – Software Developer – Job #180245
Dear Mr. Johnson,
I have 7 years of experience as a Software Developer at Greene Giant, but once I saw that there was an opening at Johnson’s, I applied immediately because of your firm’s sterling reputation for developing new and innovative software.
I am aware that your company tests a wide variety of software and applications before they are released. As I know the manner in which they were programmed, I will be able to rapidly find all bugs and errors that compromise the security of the software.
After graduating with a Master’s Degree in Computer Science, I worked at Greene Giant where I have been since leaving University. I designed and programmed the engineering software used by students in Ireland’s third-level institutions. I have enjoyed my time at Greene Giant, but I am looking for the exciting new challenge offered by Johnson’s.
I have enclosed a CV, cover letter, and educational certificates for your consideration. I would love to discuss this role with you further, and I look forward to hearing from you soon regarding this application.
11 Grove Street, Dublin
8. Quick Final Tips for Your Job Application Email
Save all CVs and cover letters in the right format. Although Irish employers prefer PDFs, you can save in Word Doc form if the job posting says it is permissible.
Certain employers ask candidates to pitch their case in a specific number of characters like Twitter, so learn how to write with brevity to sell your skills adequately.
If you are not sending a cover letter (NOT recommended), create your cover letter within the email’s body instead. The more the company knows about you, the more likely it is to acknowledge that you’re a good fit.
Never use your current work email address to send a job application email! Most firms monitor email communications so if you are caught, expect to be severely disciplined.
Make sure you check everything before you send. Pay special attention to the name of the hiring manager and the name of the company.
How to Write a CV that will Land You a Job in 2022
Thinking about writing your CV is a good place to start. Your CV is the first chance you get to make an impression with a prospective employer. It will boost your chances of getting an interview for a job. A good CV should be simple but detailed, stating your skills, experiences and values.
The following components should be included in your CV:
This is the introduction that informs a potential employer who you are, what you stand for, what your main attributes are and your key characteristics as relates to the position you are interested in. Your name should be the first thing in your CV as it appears in your ID. This should be followed by your professional job title for example, ‘Graphic Designer’. Clearly state your valid phone number, email address and your location.
Your professional profile section should capture skills, strengths, ability and experience. Don’t hesitate to state what you are ready to offer if given the opportunity. This section gives the employer a summary of your professional history, your career goals and what you can bring to the role. It should be a maximum of five lines and should convince the potential employer that the rest of your CV is worth reading. It is at this point where you can get your CV dropped or forwarded to the hiring manager.
In bullet points state the certifications, software and tools that show you are the best for the role. This way, the employer will get an outline of your abilities immediately. The ATS (applicant tracking system) will also notice you. Ensure that the key competencies are related to the job requirements to create a match.
Your most recent role should be at the beginning. State your best abilities in your recent role since it is the peak of your career which the potential employer will be more interested in. The older jobs should have fewer details. State the role including specific employment dates, job title, company, line of duty and, in bullet points, duties, skills and achievements. Volunteer experiences should also be included. List achievements that you attribute to yourself and ensure that they are related to a key responsibility in the job you are applying for.
List qualifications in reverse chronological order. Begin with the most recent. Include your qualification, institutions attended, the grades you obtained and the dates you were a student in those institutions. For internships, education is a huge selling point on your CV. Therefore, be very clear.
They should be academic, industry, work or even related to your volunteer work. Remember, including certifications in your CV proves your competency. Include official award titles, the purpose of the awards, what they recognised, their scope and the date of the recognition. For example, ‘awarded the 2020 Student Engineer’ or ‘Best Student Innovation Award’ or ‘Awarded the Best Commercial Law Student Award for the year 2019’
State the organization and the type of membership you have e.g, “The Chartered Institute of Electrical Engineers”. This way, the prospective employer will see that you are committed and involved in your profession.
Adding this section will give the recruiter a better understanding of your abilities, personality and your interests
It is important to review your CV before submitting it to the potential employer. Ensure it has no grammatical errors, typos and other mistakes. Ask a friend to read it and give recommendations if any.
15 Most Common Interview Questions and Their Answers
If you have ever attended more than two interviews, you have realised that there are some common interview questions that keep coming up in every encounter with a panel. It’s good to know how to handle them as response largely determines whether or not you get the job. Here are some of the most common questions:
Question 1: Tell us about yourself?
This is typically the first question in the job interview. If you answer it well, you will make a good first impression, feel better and logically have better chances to get a job. You should focus on work related things in your answer. That means, what you do, what you are good at, what you have done before, what are you looking for in your career, etc.
You can mention your personal life and hobbies briefly, but it is not what the employer is interested in. Anyway, it is advisable not to spend more than one minute answering this question. It is simply not good to tire the interviewers right in the beginning. This is just a starting question. Good example of an answer can be:
“I like to manage people and work on interesting projects. I have been working for IBM for the past ten years, but I am looking for a new challenge right now. I like to do sports, especially football and spend my free time with my wife.
Interviewers need to understand your intentions. And it is perfectly all right and good for you. If you prepare a good answer to this interview question, you can convince them right in the beginning that you are the best person for the job. The key thing is to speak about the company, not about you (this will be deeply described later). Anyway, you should definitely spend some time reading the company website and the job description, so you know what to answer to this interview question. Here are two good examples:
“I REALLY LIKE THE JOB DESCRIPTION AND THE WORKING DUTIES FOR THIS POSITION. I BELIEVE THAT I AM THE PERFECT MATCH FOR THE JOB AND CAN BE AN ASSET FOR YOUR TEAM. “I DECIDED TO APPLY BECAUSE I REALLY LIKE THE VISION OF YOUR COMPANY AND THE POSSIBILITIES FOR ME THERE. IT IS A ROLE WHERE I CAN USE MY FULL POTENTIAL AND REALLY HELP YOUR COMPANY TO GROW.”
Question 3: Why did you leave your last job? / Why are you planning to leave your job?
Change is a part of life. However, employers want to understand the reasons why you want to make a change, or why you are forced to make a change.It is important to stay positive on this place and do not mention any negative things about your previous employers. You should simply focus on the future, not on the past. Let me show you few good answers to this interview question.
“My last job was not challenging enough. I was not motivated to wake up to work anymore and I really needed a change. Based on the job description I really believe that I can find what am I looking for in your company.”
“THERE WAS A DOWNSIZING IN OUR COMPANY AND SIMILARLY TO MOST PEOPLE IN MY DEPARTMENT, I WAS FIRED. HOWEVER, IT IS THE PAST. I AM READY TO UTILISE THE KNOWLEDGE AND EXPERIENCE AND START TO BUILD MY NEW CAREER IN YOUR CORPORATION.”
“I want to be very honest with you. I have been in this company for seven years, achieved great results and help it to become the leader on the market. However, I did never get a raise and was never promoted, although I asked for it. I believe that the results of my work can be rewarded better somewhere else, maybe in your company.”
Question 4: Can you tell me something about your e*******n?
For some employers and for certain positions, your e*******n is very important. Degrees like MBA are prestigious and many employers prefer candidates with these forms of degrees.
However, if you do not have it, you can still offer a good answer to this interview question. Try to not focus on the names of the schools, but on the knowledge you gained. Here is an example of a good answer to this interview question.
“I STUDIED IN CAMBRIDGE. I ACQUIRED KNOWLEDGE FROM STATISTICS, PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND PROCESS MANAGEMENT. I WAS VERY ACTIVE DURING MY STUDIES AND TOOK PART IN SEVERAL PRACTICAL PROJECTS. OVERALL MY STUDIES WERE REALLY PRACTICAL AND I BELIEVE THAT I AM VERY WELL PREPARED FOR THIS JOB OF A PROJECT MANAGER.”
Question 5: Can you tell us something more about your working experience?
You should always pick the most related experience. Many job seekers spend 20 minutes answering this interview question. But it is a mistake. Employer hiring for marketing management position is not interested in your experiences from MC Donald’s, really. You should pick just one or two from your previous jobs and briefly describe what you did there and what you learned there. You can use the following answer for your inspiration.
“I had done a lot of things in my life, what helped me to gain a good overall understanding of business. From 2001 to 2004 I worked like a project manager for Siemens, mostly we were working on smaller energetic projects. I believe that I can utilize the knowledge and contacts I gained during this time in your company. I learned how to budget the project and lead it from the scratch to completion. From my other experience I can briefly mention my position in marketing from 1998 to 2001 and my freelancing experience from 2005 to 2009.”
Question 6: Why should we hire you?
This is probably the most difficult interview question. However, if your answer is convincing enough, it really can convince the employer to hire you! You should simply focus on your USP (unique selling point). It means to show the employer something special other candidates can not offer him. To use general phrases will not help you. You simply need to find this unique selling point by yourself. You can use the following answers for your inspiration.
“WELL, I HAVE A RELEVANT EXPERIENCE FOR THE JOB AND I AM STRONGLY MOTIVATED TO WORK FOR YOUR COMPANY.”
“I fulfill all the requirements for the job. However, some other applicants do probably also fulfill it. I think that I am a nice guy and help to create a good atmosphere in the workplace. You can contact my previous employers to question about this.”
“I believe that I bring success with me to the companies. All the companies where I worked were prospering. It is good to have such a worker in your team, isn’t it?”
Question 7: What are your strengths?
Interview questions about strengths and weaknesses are typical. And it is easy to answer it. All you have to do is to pick one or two strengths that are relevant for the job.
“I am very responsible person and always accomplish all my duties.”
“I am a very organized person, what is strongly reflected in my work.”
“I have good communication skills. I believe that communication skills are crucial in every job, but especially in job like this one.”
Question 8: What are your weaknesses?
It is not so important what weaknesses you list here. More important is to define how exactly you try to get rid of your weakness. This is what the employer wants to hear. Secondly, you should choose the weakness that is not so important for the job you are applying for. This is pretty straight forward and you should manage to do it. Here are some good examples of an answer.
“I am not very patient, and that is obviously not good. But I am working on it every day, doing various exercises.”
“Sometimes I struggle to concentrate. However, I practise every day and my concentration has improved over the years.”
“I trust the people too much. It is nice to live with it, but it brought me into many problematic situations in the past. However, as I am getting older I am starting to distinguish who I can trust and who I can not trust.”
Question 9: What are your goals in five years horizon?
Every responsible person has some goals. Employers know this. When questioning you about your goals, they simply want to hear that you have any goals. However, you can do a mistake here. Some people like to mention that they dream about their own business. This is not a good answer. Companies do not want to hire someone who leaves after two years to start his own business.
Recruiting is too lengthy procedure for this. That’s why you should either choose personal goals, or connect your goals with the company where you are applying for a job. Let’s have a look at good answers to this interview question.
“My goal is to become a better manager and help my employer to achieve good results as much as I can.”
“I want to start a family and have a good position. I believe that your company is a right place to realize my goals.”
“I WOULD LIKE TO BE PROMOTED IN FIVE YEARS AND HAVE A REALLY GOOD JOB IN A REALLY GOOD COMPANY – LIKE YOURS ONE.”
Question 10: What are your biggest achievements so far?
Achievements are more important for the employers than your experiences. This is a fact. Other fact is that everyone of us has some achievements. We just sometimes do not realize it. You should think about it for a while.
Employers can be impressed by both tangible and intangible achievements. If you was a heavy s****r before and was able to quit s*****g, it shows that you have a strong determination and will. Think about it…Our life is full of achievements. You just need to choose some for your answers to interview questions. Just like our job applicants did in their answers.
“I was able to run marathon under 3:30. I trained for it very hard and it strengthen me both physically and mentally.”
“WHEN I WORKED LIKE A SALES MANAGER IN COBECO INC., THE SALES OF THE COMPANY GREW BY 20 PERCENT EVERY YEAR.”
“I became a better person over the years. I learned to listen to the others and see the good in people. I consider this as my biggest achievement.”
Question 11: What characterises a good boss/ colleague from your point of view?
In most of the companies, you will not work alone. Interviewers try to understand if you fit into the company and if you may get along with your colleagues. The crucial thing here is to not mention anything too tangible.Concretely, to say that you prefer your boss to be older than you is a huge risk… If the boss is younger, you will not be chosen. The best way is to choose a neutral answer and say that you can pretty much get along with everybody. Let’s have a look at two good responds.
“I can get along with everyone. All I want to be sure about when it comes to my boss and colleagues is that they are qualified for the job. And when I see the level of proficiency in this interview, I am sure they are qualified.”
“There is nothing like an ideal boss for me. I simply focus on my job and on my performance and try to avoid any conflicts with other employees.”
Question 12: What motivates you? / How do you motivate others?
Motivation is crucial in every role. You need to convince the employer that you are motivated and do not need any special incentives to work hard. The best way to do so is to show the enthusiasm in the interview and be filled with energy! If you do so, you will not get this interview question about motivation. However, if it comes here is the answer.
“I WANT TO FEEL IMPORTANT IN MY JOB, DO A GOOD JOB FOR MY EMPLOYER. THIS IS VERY IMPORTANT FOR ME, TO SEE A PURPOSE IN MY JOB. IT NATURALLY MOTIVATES ME TO WORK HARD AND TRY TO BECOME BETTER EVERY DAY.”
“I just like to work. If I was not strongly motivated to do this job, I would not apply for it. I would never work only for money.”
This is actually a good question. If the employers ask it, it means that they consider to hire you (or least give you a chance). You should not start the discussion about salary by yourself. However, once the employer starts it, you should have your answer ready.The key is to emphasize that the salary is not the deciding factor for you. However, on the other hand, you should never say less than your minimum expectations are. It won’t make any sense…If you need to mention the number, it is always better to mention the salary range than the figure. Here are examples of good answers to this interview question.
“First of all, salary is not a deciding factor for me. I really like the job description and want to get this job. I will accept an average salary for this position which is something between $35,000 and $40,000″, according to my knowledge.
“I really like this job and would like to do it. I have looked at the average salaries and found out that the average is between $35,000 and $40,000 for this position. I am willing to accept the lower figure from this range, as I really like would like to have this job.”
Question 14: When are you able to start?
Companies have their plans and needs. If they need someone from the next month, they need him and that’s it. That’s why you should always say that you can start when they need you. But if you really can not short circuit the notice period or something else, you still can save yourself with an exceptional answer! Let’s have a look at several of these answers.
“I am ready to start as soon as possible.”
“THERE IS A TWO MONTHS NOTICE PERIOD IN MY COMPANY. HOWEVER, I HAVE VERY GOOD RELATIONS WITH MY BOSS SO I AM SURE I CAN NEGOTIATE IT AND START EARLIER.”
“I could possibly start tomorrow, but I want to finish the project I currently work on. It will be very unprofessional and irresponsible from me to leave now. I will need two or three weeks. I hope you understand this.”
Question 15: Do you have any questions?
In every good job interview, there is a place for the questions of the candidates. It is good to ask one or two questions. You should definitely not ask about something that was already answered in the interview or something from the job description. However, you can use one of the following questions:
“What are the next steps of the recruiting process?”
“Can you tell me something more about the working environment?”
“What are the goals of your company in long term horizon?
The Most Competitive Career Fields to Choose From Today
“Opportunities don’t happen, you create them.” – Chris Grosser
There are numerous career opportunities in the various social-economic fields. Students are advised to choose a career from the field they are interested in. They should also ensure they are good in the subjects relevant to the field. To cover a wide range of careers, we have classified them into broad categories as follows;
Agriculture and Related Careers
These include careers related to plant and animal science. It also includes careers in crop and animal production, pest and disease control and animal science. Careers in horticulture and floriculture are also included. Examples are agribusiness management, agricultural and bio-systems engineering, agricultural business management, agricultural economics, agricultural economics and resource management and agricultural education and extension.
Architecture, Building and Related Careers.
These include careers in the field of building and construction. Other areas include land economics, landscaping, urban and regional planning, civil and tructural engineering, construction management, landscape and architecture.
Beauty, Fashion and Related Careers
They include careers in fashion, textile, interior and exterior designs. It also includes careers in beauty, hairdressing and modeling. Other jobs are fashion design and marketing, clothing, textile and interior design and apparel and fashion technology. Interior designers need a combination of both science and art related skills, which include the ability to work with technical details as well as keenness on fashion, style and trends.
Business Related Careers
These include careers in commerce and industry such as marketing, insurance, finance, investment, banking and entrepreneurship. Other related jobs include accounting, actuarial science, banking and finance, business management, business administration, cooperative management, micro-finance and marketing.
Community Development Related Careers
These include careers in sociology, social work and community development, cutting across a variety of settings that include schools, hospitals and the general community. The jobs here include social studies, gender studies,social work, population studies, justice and peace, participatory project planning, disaster management and community development.
Creative Arts and Entertainment Related Careers
These include careers in fine art and related areas, cartoon industry, photography, music and theatre. Other jobs include sports technology, recreation and management, physical education, fine art, creative arts, theatre arts, cultural studies, drama and theatre studies. The work environment includes advertising, publishing (books, newspapers, magazines) and electronic media (television, radio) industries. Read Also 9 Best Types of Internships for High School and College Students
Diplomacy and Public Relations Related Careers
These include careers in public relations as well as in diplomatic assignment, international relations, justice and peace and political sciences. One needs to have the ability to work with people of diverse backgrounds, good communication skills and patience.
Education Related Careers
These include careers in teaching at all levels. The careers also include education administrators such as education officers and teachers in special education programmes.
Engineering Related Careers
These include careers in the different areas of engineering cutting across diverse fields such as electrical, mechanical, civil, agricultural, chemical and environmental and computer engineering.
Environmental management and conservation related careers
These include careers in air, water, land management and conservation, forestry, wildlife and fisheries. Other jobs are land economics, urban and regional planning, science and technology, wildlife management, environmental health, environmental science and wetlands management and conservation.
Entrepreneurship and Related Careers
Entrepreneurship cuts across all fields where there is need to look at organizations and institutions as business enterprises. They also include careers in entrepreneurial de-velopment, commerce and business administration. Read Also Types of Careers and Personalities
Geography and Related Careers
These include careers in geology, survey and mapping, cartography, meteorology, oceanography, remote sensing and astronomy. Others are natural resources, ecotourism, mining, geography, and environmental science.
Guidance, Counseling and Related careers
These include careers in guidance, counseling, psychology in religious, industrial and community related fields. The work includes guidance and counseling, counseling psychology, education and counseling, pastoral counseling and social work.
Health Related Careers
These include medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, nursing, medical technology, radiography and physiotherapy. Careers in this field require students with good mental ability and aptitude to think logically, keen, alert and quick in interpretation, warm personality, patient and commitment to serve mankind.
Home Science, Food Technology and Related Careers
These include careers in nutrition, dietetics technology and fashion design and textile technology.
Hospitality and Related Careers
These include careers in the various departments in the hotel industry, travel and tourism related areas. The jobs include hotel and restaurant management tourism management, home economics and food science and nutrition. Others are foreign languages, hotel and institutional management, hotel and hospitality management and travel and tours operation management.
History and Related Careers
These include careers related to archaeology, anthropology and political science, among others. Those with interest in this area need to have interest in getting information, are curious and have deep interest in the past.
Information, Communication Technology (ICT) and Related Careers
These include careers in computer industry including computer hardware and software. The category also includes careers in library and information science, computer technology and computer science. Others are information sciences, information systems technology, computer applications, web design, networking and communication systems.
Journalism Related Careers
These include careers in print journalism and electronic journalism such as information sciences, communications media technology, journalism and media studies and communication technology.
Law Related Careers
Careers in these area deal with governance and justice which ensure people’s stability and confidence in their country. This category includes careers relating to matters of law in the mainstream as well as those in the para-legal field such as court clerks.
Management and Administration Related Careers
These include careers in different specializations of management in such areas as sales and marketing, finance, human resource management, production among others. The jobs here include business administration and management, international operations management, purchasing and supplies management, human resource management, tourism management and marketing management. Apply for Latest Internship & Industrial Attachments Here
Manufacturing and Processing Related Careers
These include careers in manufacturing and processing industries in both food and non-food related areas. The jobs here include industrial and production planning and management, manufacturing engineering technology, industrial chemistry, food science and technology, chemical processing engineering, production engineering and analytical chemistry.
Research and Statistics Related Careers
These include careers in research and statistics related areas which cut across different and dynamic fields such as education, health, business, marketing, information communication technology (ICT) among others.
Security Related Careers
These include careers in defence, (army, navy, air force) paramilitary, police and intelligence services. It also includes jobs in private security firms as well as careers related administration.
Sports and Physical Education Related Careers
Career in sports is still in its early stages of development in Kenya. There is a lot of potential and opportunities sports can offer. Currently, there are many Kenyans earning a living from athletics, football and other sports. All you require is energy, drive, passion, enthusiasm, agility and perseverance.
Transport and Communication Services Related Careers
These include careers in the shipping, aviation, railway and road transport sec-tors. One requires alertness, courage, determination and physical fitness. The person should be self-confident, reliable, calm and able to take charge in an emergency.
9 Best Types of Internships for High School and College Students
“Go get an internship” is a classic piece of advice given to young people who need experience, direction, and mentorship.
These nine internship positions vary in terms of time commitment and intensity but are all committed to helping students gain a deeper understanding what they actually want to do and help them get hands-on experience.
1. Apprenticeship Cooperative Education (Co-Op)
Apprenticeship Cooperative Education starts early in high school. Junior and seniors are able to participate in a one- or two-year paid work experience that is school supervised.
This program is a combination of classroom learning and applying those skills in a workplace. This is great for students testing out a career before they decide to go to college, or what to pursue in college.
2. Cooperative Education (Co-Op)
Some colleges let students take up to three semesters off during their college experience in order to test out different careers. Students work full time and are usually paid, which makes it different than a part-time internship.
Co-ops are helpful because they let students decide if they actually want to pursue the subject they are studying before they graduate. Plus, many university students are offered jobs from previous co-ops after graduation. Check with your counselor to see if the option if available.
Externships are shorter than traditional internships and usually take place over spring or summer break, or even during a January intersession.
Instead of working independently, externs use their limited time as more of a job shadowing experience. This is great if you’re not totally sure what aspect of a business you want to be working in and lets you observe everyone’s role (and ask a lot of questions!).
The goal of field experience is to get students out into the field that they are studying. This not only allows you to build experience but also lets you apply what you’ve learned in the classroom into the real world. Plus, it’s a great way to get to know a specific school or job site you might be interested in joining in the future.
Usually, students have a mentor or advisor both at school and in the field who can coach them through difficult situations and help make the most out of their field experience. Academic credit is usually awarded.
5. Intern Abroad
Sure, it’s hip to head to New York City or San Francisco to intern in finance and tech, but there are a lot of other great places to learn from great companies. Head overseas and intern abroad to learn different skills, new cultures, maybe even a different language!
Interning abroad gives you an understanding of cultural differences that will give you an advantage when doing business with other countries later. Plus, you’ll get the chance to explore a new country and make it your home away from home.
6. Intern at a Startup
One of the great complaints of an intern is that he or she doesn’t actually get to contribute to a company. Interning at a startup, especially an early age startup, is a great opportunity to make an impact.
At a startup, there is often more work to be done than people to do it, which leaves a great chance for you to do important work. Make your mark early and remember that startups hire quickly, too.
7. Nonprofit Intern
Deciding to dedicate your life to non-profit work is a big decision, so spending time there as an intern is a good test drive. Because non-profits are often stretched for resources, you’ll likely get to try out a lot of different aspects of the organization.
While your friends interning or co-oping at big companies might be making a lot of money, you’ll be able to make a lot of difference in what will probably be a small team of overworked people who will be glad to have fresh energy and enthusiasm.
Organizations like the YMCA, World Wildlife Fund, and Make a Wish Foundation are always looking for passionate people like you.
Service learning is used as a teaching tool that gives students hands-on skill-building opportunities through community service. Students dedicate the semester or year to one host site and connect learnings in class to experiences on the job.
This is a great way to put what you’re learning in class into practice, especially if you’re considering future careers in human services, social work, education, or non-profit work.
Practicum sounds like “practice” and that’s exactly what future doctors, nurses, teachers, and others on track for skills-based career need. During the practicum, these students work in the area of study they have been learning for years. This may manifest as student-teaching or spending a certain number of hours practicing social work in a clinic.
No matter which of these internship opportunities you choose, you’ll learn new skills and get your foot in the door, which will make your job search much easier. If you find you hated something you thought you were interested in you’ll have saved yourself time (and misery!) later. So think of an internship as a great test run, and get started.
You may have realized that certain people never fit in certain jobs no matter how qualified or hard they work. For example, some people find it difficult to sit down in offices the whole day. They are at their best and happiest working out-doors with their hands. This is because we all have different traits which determine whom we actually are. There are six broad career types in which different people fit. These are the realistic, investigative, artistic, social careers, enterprising and conventional careers.
1. Realistic careers
These are the skills and technical-orient-ed jobs. Work here involves tangible and practical skills where people work with tools, machines, plants and animals. The people in these jobs are highly practical and physically strong. They often enjoy dealing with things rather than people.
They are good in technical subjects such as:
Agriculture, Metalwork, Woodwork,
Homescience, Technical Drawing, Drawing and
Design among others.
They excel in:
All kinds of engineering such as electrical mechanical and Agricultural engineering
Wood science and technology
Armed forces and related careers
2. Investigative careers
The professionals here are scientific and laboratory-oriented. They have a high curiosity, intellectual input and empirical approach to issues. Their work involves analyzing facts, solving puzzles, dealing with charts, numbers, formulae, graphs and data processing. These people enjoy observing, studying, analyzing, interpreting and solving complex challenges. They do well in leadership positions, social gatherings and activities.
They are good in:
Mathematics and the sciences
They excel in:
Microbiology and related courses
Accounting, statisticaI analysis money, financial and related fields
Veterinary, zoology and related fields
Computer science and information communication technology
3. Artistic careers
Those who excel in these careers are arts-oriented, creative, expressive and aesthetically conscious. Their jobs involve a lot of magination. Consequently, those who excel here are highly original, emotional, non conforming, unconventional, independent, idealist and introspective. They take risks and like producing distinct products.
They are good in:
Drawing and design
They excel in:
Drama and theatre arts
Writing, painting and poetry
Home decorating, fabric designing
Photography, singing, drawing cartoons
4. Social careers
These involve working with people.Those who excel here have an inner urge for helping others. They like training, informing, enlightening, arbitrating and organizing other people. They are sociable, friendly, understanding, empathetic, generous, helpful, cooperative, responsible and hard Working. Often, they are sober, welfare – minded and articulate.
They are good in:
They can also be good in the sciences if they put more interest and effort in them.
5. Enterprising careers
These careers involve influencing is a lot of goal and profit orientation in these jobs. Those who excel are enterprising, ambitious, talkative, argumentative and domineering people. They are also energetic, self confident, optimistic, sociable, competitive, impulsive and persuasive. They enjoy chairing meetings and committees. Often they run for elected offices, head important functions and motivate others
They are good in:
They excel in:
Sales and marketing
Industrial consultancy and related fields
6. Conventional careers
The careers here involve highly orderly, routine and practical jobs. Often, there are some inflexible activities. Those who excel have a common denominator of being obedient, practical, calm and orderly. They are also efficient and conforming.
This involves being involved in situations and tasks that require physical endurance, competing with others, and some degree of risk-taking. People with this career interest enjoy involvement in athletics, working in the military/law enforcement professions and participating in risky and adventurous events. They usually get satisfaction from competing with others where they have opportunities to win and/or win by working with others in a team. They often seek out excitement and are generally quite confident of their physical abilities and skills.
20+ Types of Internships to Understand Before You Make Your Choice
Wondering about all the types of internships available to you and which one to choose? We’ve got the full breakdown on internship types here.
In this short article, we’ll outline all the types of internships you’ll come across, glossary style, from unpaid internships to CYOI and also we’ll help you decide on which type of internship you should choose for yourself. Types of Internships
To keep these organized, we’ll treat this section as an internship type glossary of terms, meaning they’ll be in alphabetical order. Also, you’ll find a few non-internship vocabulary terms that are often confused for internship types thrown in for good measure.
Apprenticeship – An apprenticeship is a type of one-on-one training program in which an apprentice learns the particular profession or trade through dedicated oversight, hands-on labor, and sometimes classwork. An apprenticeship is not an internship, as it is usually much more intense and requires a greater commitment than the standard intern program.
Co-Op Education – Cooperative education, sometimes referred to simply as a co-op, is a blended program of standard learning in a classroom mixed with actual work experience. A co-op program is similar to an internship, but is usually integrated into the school experience and curriculum more seamlessly.
Externship – An externship is an educational program for giving students short experiences of actual industry work through a partnership between the school and the business. Known also as job shadowing or work shadowing, an externship is usually shorter than an internship, but they both could lead to an employment contract upon completion.
Fellowship – A fellowship is an award program, usually consisting of a monetary benefit, that is given to graduate students in various fields to allow them to continue or take on new research. They are often sponsored by a specific medical institution (for medical fellowships), research organization, or company. Learn the differences between a fellowship and internship here.
Field Experience – Field experience is the chance given to take knowledge received in the classroom and apply it hands-on in the actual respective environment under supervision. It is not an internship, but similar, and some examples are when teachers need a certain number of hours before they can teach on their own or when pilots need a certain amount of supervised flying time before they can earn their full license.
For-Credit Internship – A for-credit internship is a special intern program related to a specific academic topic and offering college credit for taking part. A for-credit internship is often part of university coursework or a particular class.
Full-Time Internship – A full-time internship is one where the intern works at or above the threshold for full-time employment, usually over 30 hours per week. Still, though this type of internship differs from a regular job.
High School Internship – A high school internship is an internship available to and/or taken on by a student who is still finishing up high school. As an early internship program, high school internships are harder to find, particularly in the corporate world.
No-Credit Internship – Most internships don’t offer college credit, and so a no-credit internship is the default. If you want university credit for an internship, search for for-credit internships.
On-Location Internship – A standard internship will be on-location, meaning you’ll have to be physically present to be hired. If you want to intern from home, try to search for a virtual internship.
Paid Internship – Because an internship is a job, essentially, compensation is usually expected and provided in the form of a paid internship. However, unpaid internships are pretty common, as well.
Part-Time Internship – A part-time internship is one where the amount of time required to come in is less than that of regular full-time interns and employees, usually under 30 hours per week. A part-time internship is ideal for college students balancing a larger load of coursework and unable to take on a full-time internship.
Practicum – A practicum is a course at the graduate level of university aimed at giving grad students practical, hands-on experience in a topic which had only been discussed academically up to that point. A practicum is not an internship, as it involves more observation than actual work.
Quarterly Internship – A quarterly internship is an internship program lasting a full quarter-year in length (3 months).
Semester Internship – A semester internship is an internship program lasting and corresponding with a full college semester.
Service Learning – Service learning is a type of educational approach where students get learning experience through performing some community service. Though not an internship, it’ll look great on any college student resume, especially since society as a whole benefits from this form of real-world education. Related Pursuing Software Engineering Course in Kenya
Startup Internship – A startup internship is an intern program in a startup environment. Startup internship programs are usually in higher demand than average, especially for tech and digital marketing interns.
Stipend Internship – A stipend is a type of financial reimbursement to help offset expenses related to an internship. A stipend internship is usually an unpaid internship where, though the intern doesn’t get paid like a regular employee, receives some compensation for internship-related expenses, such as transportation, food, or equipment. Some paid internships may also offer a stipend in addition to the standard internship wages.
Student Internship – Most internships are student internships, which are internship programs designed for and given to university students. However, there are also internships for career changers or those recently graduated, as well.
Summer Internship – A summer internship is an internship program lasting during the (usually) class-free summer months between school years.
Unpaid Internship – An unpaid internship is one which is not compensated. Though a student may prefer an unpaid internship, an unpaid stint as an intern may provide invaluable experience and skills for their future career. Most places have laws limiting how much work and what types of tasks an unpaid intern is allowed to perform, so be sure to know your rights!
Virtual Internship – A virtual internship, sometimes called a remote internship or an online internship, is an internship program which does not require physical presence to participate. A virtual internship may be perfect for jobs where all work is completed online, such as in IT or digital marketing jobs.
College can provide you with many opportunities to help start your professional career. During this time, it’s important to focus on your career aspirations, plan for the future and consider any suggestions that can help propel your advancement in your chosen field. Doing this can help you better prepare and ensure you’re ready for any professional opportunities post-graduation. In this article, we outline the importance of heeding career advice as a college student and provide you with 14 tips to help you prepare for your professional development.
Why is career advice important for college students?
Though college is a great opportunity to learn life skills, it’s also a time when you’re surrounded by several resources and individuals ready to help you advance in your field. As a college student, taking career advice in particular can help you feel more equipped upon graduation. It can also help you become more confident in your skills and ensure you’ve chosen the right field as well as guide you toward making helpful career decisions.
Career advice for college students
As you continue your college education, it’s important to consider suggestions that can help you grow personally and professionally. Here are 14 tips to help you prepare for your future career while you’re in college:
Seek internship opportunities.
Consider taking part in a work-study program.
Grow your skills and knowledge.
Get an early start.
Keep your skills up-to-date.
Find a balance with your personal life.
Pursue your passion.
Strive for excellence and stay motivated.
Use your school’s career services.
Build your network.
Actively seek opportunities.
Find companies on social media.
1. Seek internship opportunities
Internships are a great way to gain valuable, hands-on experience in your field. For your internship to be beneficial, it must apply to your career aspirations. For example, if you’re interested in becoming a veterinarian, it may be beneficial to work at a kennel or animal shelter where you can learn proper animal care and handling.
There are a variety of internships available, including those at local businesses to larger corporations. Here are some ways to find an internship during college:
Ask your professors, classmates, family, friends and academic advisors if they know of any opportunities you’d be interested in. You can also contact your college’s alumni to gain insightful information regarding internships you can pursue to start your entry-level career.
Attend career or internship fairs
Many companies use career fairs to recruit and hire candidates. These events are a great way to get face-to-face with prospective employers.
Do some internet research
Many companies post internship openings on internship or career websites. You can also check company websites for relevant opportunities.
Find a company that you’d be interested in interning for and contact their human resources department. They can let you know if they’re seeking interns and what the qualifications are.
Outside of internship opportunities, you can also take part in a work-study program offered by federally accredited colleges and universities for students with financial needs. These programs provide you with a part-time job during your undergraduate or graduate studies. Essentially, you can earn money to use toward your educational expenses. These programs are also great opportunities to gain community service experience and knowledge in your field, as they promote work related to your course of study.
Employers want to hire candidates with a wide range of skills. Use your college years to expand your skills and overall knowledge. Consider elective courses relevant to your career aspirations. For example, if you’re a photographer, taking an art class can help you expand your creativity. If your school doesn’t offer classes in the skill you’re hoping to grow, consider investing in relevant software.
4. Get an early start
To ensure you get the most out of your career, start looking for opportunities before you graduate. Find jobs relevant to your major. For example, if you’re interested in becoming a graphic designer, consider working for a design agency. This opportunity can help you understand what daily life is like for fellow designers and help you better understand the industry. Similarly, if you’re an art major, consider working for a local gallery to gain knowledge about the art industry. The sooner you look for opportunities, the greater chance you have of getting a job.
5. Keep your skills up-to-date
When you apply for a job or internship, you’ll likely be competing with other candidates. Because of this, it’s important to keep your skills current regardless of your industry. This means staying up-to-date with various technology and industry trends to help you gain an advantage over other candidates and make you stand out to hiring managers. Stay current by doing online research, reading professional journals or visiting your school’s library.
6. Stay focused
It’s important to stay focused on your career goals and aspirations. Let your experiences teach, guide and propel your future path. Your mistakes can provide you with valuable experience and knowledge in facing similar situations later on.
If you find yourself in a discouraging situation such as an unsatisfying job or a strict manager, focus on the positives. Know that these experiences can shape you to become a stronger-working professional in your field.
7. Find a balance with your personal life
As you begin your career, remember to find a healthy work-life or school-life balance. Spend time relaxing away from your career or schooling by pursuing a hobby, spending time with family and friends, traveling or getting out of your comfort zone. Though it’s important to focus on your studies in college, it’s important to leave time for the little things in your life, too. This can help you be happier overall and get you in the habit of continuing a healthy work-life balance throughout your future career.
8. Pursue your passion
The easiest way to find happiness in your career is to determine what you love doing. For example, if you enjoy woodworking or metalworking, consider becoming an engineer. This ensures you’re doing something that makes you happy every day and will help your job feel less like work and more like fun. Following your dreams can also help increase your productivity because you’ll likely be more excited about going back to work. This advice is crucial as you advance in your career because it ensures you stay encouraged and driven to be the best you can be in your industry.
Whether you’re in your first job or an internship, it’s important to aspire to be the best you can be. Recognize your own mistakes and believe in yourself and your abilities. This can help you stay vigilant in pursuing your dreams and give you the ability to advance in your career. Ultimately, striving for excellence can help you find success.
10. Use your school’s career services
Before you graduate, take advantage of your school’s career services to help you jump-start your career. This campus resource can provide you with a wealth of information, from crafting a resume to getting a job. Your school’s career services can also put you in touch with alumni in your field. Your tuition also pays for these services.
11. Build your network
Throughout your collegiate career, it’s important to engage with your school’s faculty, recent graduates and other valuable contacts in your field. Networking is a great way to gain insight from other working professionals who have gone through the same process. The contacts you make can also serve as references later on or inform you of valuable opportunities in your field. Here are common ways to network:
Reach out to your school’s faculty and staff
To best engage with your professors, be an active participant in the classroom. Ask questions, sit in the front of the classroom and attend office hours to help foster a positive and professional relationship you can build on. This is especially important if your professor teaches a course relevant to your career choice. For example, professors can put you in touch with their colleagues or former students who can provide you with valuable advice for your career. When they do this, it also serves as a recommendation and endorsement from your professor. Also, connecting with your school’s faculty and staff can lead to a reference letter from them later on.
Contact recent graduates
Connecting with professionals who are just a few years into their career can help you gain insight regarding what you can expect during your job search. They can provide you with tips and strategies to consider and may even put you in touch with recruiters at their own company or other organizations.
Engage in online networking
Social media networking platforms are a great way to keep in touch with others in your field. Keep your profile up-to-date, use these social media platforms to contact alumni in your industry and join online networking groups where you can gain and share advice.
Attend networking events
Some colleges or towns offer networking events such as job fairs that can put you in touch with various professionals in your field. Attend as many events as you can to grow your network and learn important information. Wear business casual attire to dress the part and be sure to bring printed copies of your resume to share with company recruiters.
Throughout your college career, there are several ways to gain experience such as internships, jobs or volunteer opportunities. These are great ways to develop your skillset in your chosen field. Proactively seek opportunities that can benefit your future career, and use them to help you advance in a competitive workforce.
Outside of seeking traditional opportunities, consider creating your own. For example, you can create a blog, a photography business or an online course that can help you gain experience and skills relevant to your field. These opportunities can also improve your soft skills, such as leadership skills or communication skills, which are beneficial in several industries.
14. Find companies on social media
Connecting with companies you’re interested in via social media provides you with several benefits. Not only can it alert you to future job opportunities, but it can also help you better understand the company’s culture and display your interest in working for them.
CLUSTER SUBJECT 4
BIO / HAG / GEO / CRE / IRE / HRE / HSC / ARD / AGR / WW / MW / BC / PM / ECT / DRD / AVT / CMP / FRE / GER / ARB / KSL / MUC / BST
MINIMUM SUBJECT REQUIREMENTS
MAT A C+
ENG / KIS C+
BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (WATER AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING)
BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY IN WATER, IRRIGATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
INSTITUTIONS THAT OFFER THE PROGRAM
WATER ENGINEERING JOB DESCRIPTION
Water engineers work on projects such as flood defence schemes and sewer improvement programmes at all stages, from conception and planning to completion and handover. Typical responsibilities include:
producing designs, both initial outlines and full plans, of sewerage, water treatment and flood defence structures such as pump systems and pipe networks
managing and maintaining water and sewerage infrastructure operations
presenting project details and technical information to colleagues and clients
managing project budgets
keeping up to date with changes in regulatory legislation and guidelines
writing and advertising tender documents and managing contracts
liaising with clients, contractors, government agencies, local authorities and suppliers
monitoring flood levels
supervising staff and site workers
using a variety of specialist computer applications/simulation software
ensuring that projects keep to budgets and timescales
maintaining an awareness of current environmental issues.
Typical employers of water engineers
Privately owned water companies
The Environment Agency
Local authority environmental health departments
Roads rehabilitation and construction bodies
Private consultants or contractors
Charities and NGOs such as Living Water International
Large Agricultural farms to work on irrigation schemes
Bachelor of Arts (Economics and History) at Egerton University
Course: Bachelor of Arts (Economics and History) Institution: Egerton University Campus: Njoro Campus Qualification: Bachelors Degree Mode of Study: Full Time
The entry requirements set out below are only minimum, and they in no way entitle an applicant to a place in the University. Applicants must: Have the Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education with an average grade C+ (C plus)\passed at one sitting from at least seven subjects drawn from subject groupings as specified by the Kenya National Examinations Council or its equivalent. OR Have one of the following combinations of passes in the Kenya Advanced Certificate of Education examination: Two (2) Principal passes obtained at the same sitting. OR Two (2) Principal passes obtained at different sittings provided the passes are of Grade C or higher. OR Hold a Diploma of Egerton University with a ‘Credit’ pass or higher or an equivalent Qualification from a recognized institution in the relevant field of specialization acceptable to Senate. Those with a ‘Pass’ Diploma will be considered if they have at least two years relevant experience after graduation. AND Meet additional entry requirements as may be specified by the respective Department, Faculty, School or Institute.
Careers with an Economic History Degree
Degree will produce professional economists and historians. Economic History students develop a wide range of skills which makes them extremely well-placed to enter the job market.
The ability to analyse historical and numerical data, think critically, develop original arguments and communicate them effectively puts them at an advantage when it comes to choosing a career path.
Economic History students go on to work in finance and consultancy, teaching, research, digital marketing, with NGOs and charities, public administration, journalism, diplomacy and develop their own businesses.